Azamgarh is rich in cultural and religious activities since Azamgarh lies in the eastern
part of the Uttar Pradesh . The tradition language is particularly Bhojpuri or Purvi.
The major community belongs to Hindu religion and they are divided into 4 branches which
are Brahman, Khatriya, Vaisya, Sudra. The ancient division was mainly occupational but
gradually it developed into a hereditary order. The principal deities worshipped by the
Hindu are Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Laxmi, Ram, Hanuman, Ganesh and nine forms of
Devi(Durga), viz, Shailputri, Brahmcharni, Chitraghanta, Kusamandini, Skandmata,
Katyayani, Mahagauri, Kalratri and Sidhmata. The practice of a taking a holy dip in river
is also famous. The important festival are Nav Durga, Ramnaumi, Krishna Janmasthmi,
Shivratri, Deepawali, Dashara and Holi. The sacred books are Vedas, Upanishads, Geeta,
Shrimad Bhagavata, Puran and Ramayan.
The famous Folk songs- Kajri,
Phagua, Kahrava, Birha, Kawwali, Alha, Kirtan, Jogia, Bhajan, Kavi sammelan, Musayara etc.
The famous folk dances- Nautanki, Ramlila,
Krishnalila, Bandar and Bhalu dance, Kaharwa dance, Dhobiya dance, Kirtan dance, Ahirwa
Majority of the muslims in the district belong to the Sunni sect. Among them the most
numerous are Julahas or weavers. They pray God and his prophet, Muhammad known as namaj
preferably in a Mosque five times a day, keeping fast(Roja) in the month of Ramjan,
proceeding on Haj to Mecca. There holy book is Kuran, and major festival are Id-ul-Fitr ,
Id-uz-Zuha and Moharram.
The people of other religion like Sikh, Christian, Buddhism, Jainism are in very minor