The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh, which was founded in
1665 by Azam, son of Vikramajit. Vikramajit a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar
in pargana Nizamabad, like some of his predecessors, had embraced the faith of Islam.
He had a Muhammadan wife who bore him two sons Azam and Azmat. While Azam gave his
name to the town of Azamgarh, and the fort, Azmat constructed the fort and settled
the bazar of Azmatgarh in pargana Sagri.