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The second battle Tarain in 1192 A.D. established the Islamic power in India, But the region including the district of Azamgarh does not appear to have gone under the immediate sovereignty of the Muslims. In 1193 A.D. after the death of Jayachandra the region from Varanasi to Gaya including the district of Azamgarh passed into the hands of the Muslims by Shihab-ud-din-Muhammad Ghuri . From the establishment of the Jaunpur kingdom to its extinction, most of the tract now included in this district fell under its rule; but no important place in this district of Azamgarh can be mentioned as having been the seat of administration for the surrounding parganas. Azamgarh the headquarters of this district derives its name for Azam Khan who founded it on the ruins of the village Ailwal and Phulwaria about 1665 A.D. Azamat Khan the brother of Azam Khan built a fort and settled a bajar of Azmatgarh in pargana Sagari about the same time as that of Azamgarh. At this time Azamgarh possesses only the ruins of the fort, constructed by Azmat. Adjoining Azmatgarh there is the great 'Salona' , Azamgarh Tal, which was named after Azam Khan.

Azam Khan was died in Kannauj in 1675 A.D. Azmat Khan after the attack of Chabile Ram, fled northwards followed by the interior forces. He attempted to cross the Ghaghra into Gorakhpur but the people on the other side opposed his landing and he was either shot in mid stream or was drowned in attempting to escape by swimming in 1688 A.D. During Azamt's lifetime his eldest son Ekram has taken part in the management of the state and after Azam's death he was perhaps left in possession together with Mohhabat, another son. The remaing two sons were taken away and for a time detained as hostes for their brothers 'Good Behaviour' . The successor of Ikram finally confirmed the title of his family to the Jamidari. Ikram left no heirs and was succeeded by Iradat, son of Mohhabat, But the real ruler all along had been Mohhabat and after Ikram's death he continued to rule in his son's name.